General and Enhanced Suitability Screenings. Current Transmittal No: 234
The District government conducts random drug and alcohol testing of safety-sensitive employees as one way to protect the safety of District employees, residents, and visitors. This issuance describes ...
In the District of Columbia, eligible individuals may use marijuana for medicinal and recreational purposes. However, marijuana can create risks when performing safety sensitive duties and responsibil...
It is the policy of the District government to assess the suitability (character, reputation, and fitness for duty) of each applicant, appointee, volunteer, and employee through uniform background che...
NOTE: This issuance revises the Enhanced Suitability Screening Forms (Attachment 36) of E-DPM Instruction No. 4-38, dated October 21, 2017. The forms provided as Attachments to this issuance supersede...
It is the policy of the District government to assess the suitability (character, reputation, and fitness for duty)of each applicant, appointee, volunteer, and employee through uniform background chec...
This issuance rescinds DPM Instruction No. 4-23 and 8-72, "Granting of a Variation to Subsections 816.1, 870.1, 870.2, 870.5, 870.53(b) of Chapter 8, Career Service, of Subtitle B of Title 6 of the Di...
It is the policy of the District government to assess the suitability (character, reputation, and fitness for duty) of each applicant, appointee, volunteer, and employee through uniform background che...
NOTE: This Instruction supersedes E-DPM Instruction No. 4-37, same subject, dated June 18, 2017. The purpose of this instruction is to update the list of covered positions and agencies to include The ...
Employees' use or impairment by drugs or alcohol threatens the safety of our coworkers, the public we serve and the integrity of the District government. Managers and supervisors have an obligatio...
NOTE: This DPM instruction superesedes DPM Instruction No. 4-32 (same title), dated June 27, 2016, for the main purpose of including clarifying language concerning the disclosure of medical marijuana ...
Note: This instruction supersedes DPM Instruction No. 39-2, Policy for the Mandatory Drug and Alcohol Testing of Employees who Serve Children and Youth (Policy) - Amendment, dated April 28, 2010. As a...
NOTE: This instruction supersedes E-DPM Instruction No. 4-18, Changes to the District of Columbia's Hiring Practices and Official Job Application Necessary to Implement the "Returning Citizen Public E...
The purpose of this E-DPM instruction is to inform subordinate agencies of changes to the name(s) of individual(s) who will be responsible for providing advisory service in the area of employee relati...
The purpose of this Electronic-District Personnel Manual (E-DPM) instruction is to establish uniform District government-wide procedures for subordinate agencies to follow to account for District gove...
Reiterate basic information on the requirements for criminal background checks and traffic record checks for the protection of children and youth; Amend the list of positions for the Office of th...
The purpose of this DPM instruction is to inform subordinate agencies of the rules and procedures for pre-employment inquiries (checks)....
|400||Employee Suitability Policy|
|402||General Suitability Screening|
|403||Conducting General Suitability Screening|
|406||Enhanced Suitability Screening - General Provisions|
|407||Enhanced Suitability Screening - Recruitment Requirements|
|408||Assessing General Suitability Screenings|
|409||Positions Subject to Enhanced Suitability Screening|
|410||Safety Sensitive Positions - General Provisions|
|411||Protection Sensitive Positions - General Provisions|
|412||Security Sensitive Positions - General Provisions|
|415||Criminal Background Checks - General Provisions|
|416||Criminal Background Checks - Authorization Process|
|417||Assessing Criminal Histories|
|419||Traffic Record Checks - General Provisions|
|420||Traffic Record Checks - Assessing Histories|
|422||Consumer Credit Checks - General Provisions|
|423||Consumer Credit Checks - Assessing Histories|
|424||Clarifying Derogatory Information|
|425||Drug and Alcohol Testing - General Provisions|
|426||Drug and Alcohol Testing Notification Requirements|
|427||Drug Testing Methodology|
|428||Positive Drug or Alcohol Test Results|
|429||Positive Test Results for Cannabis (Employees)|
|430||Pre-Employment Drug and Alcohol Testing|
|431||Random Drug and Alcohol Testing|
|432||Reasonable Suspicion Drug and Alcohol Testing|
|433||Post-Accident and Incident Drug and Alcohol Testing|
|434||Return-to-Duty and Follow-Up Drug and Alcohol Testing|
|435||Drug and Alcohol Related Training|
|437||Appointee, Volunteer, and Employee Rights|
|439||Appeals Before the Commission on Human Rights|
|441||Reporting and Agency Policies|
|444||Drivers of Motor Vehicles|
400.1 The District government maintains a highly qualified and diverse workforce comprised of suitable individuals of moral character and dedication who carry out government business in a manner that honors the public trust. These employees are committed to promoting the safety and security of District personnel, residents, visitors, and government property.
400.2 It is the policy of the District government to assess the suitability of each applicant, appointee, volunteer, and employee through uniform background checks and drug and alcohol testing, as deemed necessary, which meet the District’s need for flexible personnel administration, government accountability, individual privacy, and other constitutionally protected rights.
400.3 General background checks, criminal background checks, and mandatory drug and alcohol testing shall be utilized to ensure that each applicant, appointee, volunteer, and employee possesses the character and background necessary to enhance the integrity and efficiency of the District government.
400.4 Unless otehrwise specified in this chapter, an employee deemed unsuitable pursuant to this chapter, will be subject to immediate removal. At the discretion of the agency, the employee may be reassigned within the same agency to a noncovered position for which he or she is qualified and otherwise suitable.
401.1 Unless otherwise specified, the provisions of this chapter shall apply to all applicants, appointees, volunteers, and employees for positions within the District government agencies under the personnel authority of the Mayor, except for candidates for uniformed positions in the Fire and Emergency Medical Services Department, and candidates and employees in uniformed positions in the Metropolitan Police Department, who shall be covered by suitability provisions in Chapter 8 of these regulations.
401.2 Applicants, appointees, volunteers, and employees for positions within the District government under the personnel authority of independent agencies are subject to the provisions of this chapter, unless otherwise specified by law, rules, or regulations.
401.3 Negotiated labor agreements shall be read to give effect to this chapter to the fullest extent possible. However, in the case of an irreconcilable conflict, a labor agreement shall control with respect to the specific conflict.
402.1 After the issuance of an offer of employment, and to the extent practicable before actual employment commences, all individuals shall undergo a general suitability screening. The personnel authority shall conduct a general suitability screening that includes verification of the following:
402.2 Unless otherwise provided by law, regulation, or Sections 406 through 438, in filling a position subject to a general suitability screening, a screening need not be conducted if the appointee is already employed with the District government in a position subject to a general suitability screening, and the nature of the personnel action for the new appointment is one (1) of the following:
402.3 Nothing in this section shall preclude the personnel authority from conducting a general suitability screening of an applicant prior to the issuance of an employment offer.
403.1 The personnel authority for each agency shall verify the following information, and shall record the date, time, means, and results of such verification:
403.2 Upon completing a general suitability screening in accordance with Subsection 403.1, the personnel authority shall inform the agency of the results, and may make a determination that an appointee is not suitable for employment, and may thereby:
403.3 A subordinate agency that has been delegated personnel authority to conduct general suitability screenings shall promptly make an appropriate determination under Subsection 403.2 upon completing the general suitability screening, and immediately inform the program administrator of that determination in writing.
403.4 If any discrepancies, consistent with Section 408, are identified, a subordinate agency that has been delegated personnel authority to conduct general suitability screenings shall investigate to the fullest extent of their ability until the discrepancies are resolved. Individuals under consideration for the positions shall fully cooperate in any such investigation as a prerequisite to employment.
403.5 When a discrepancy cannot be resolved, the discrepancy shall be presented in writing to the personnel authority, who will determine within ten (10) days of receipt of the request, whether the individual is disqualified.
403.6 A general suitability screening shall be deemed valid for a period of one (1) year and need not be repeated by a program administrator for subsequent applications by the same individual for that period of time.
406.1 In addition to a general suitability screening, appointees, volunteers, and employees shall be subject to one (1) or more of the following enhanced suitability screenings, as dictated by the applicable position:
406.2 Agencies under the personnel authority of the Mayor shall conform to the standards and procedures established in this chapter for screenings.
406.3 No individual may work in a safety sensitive position until the completion of a negative drug test.
406.4 If an existing, filled position is newly designated as a covered position, the personnel authotity shall notify the incumbent that he or she shall be subject to enhcanced suitability screening under this chapter prior to conducting any such screening.
406.5 The Director of the DCHR (or his or her designee) shall publish in the ElectronicDistrict Personnel Manual (or any other electronic procedural manual or manuals developed) positions in subordinate agencies subject to enhanced suitability screening pursuant to this chapter.
406.6 The position description for each position designated for an enhanced suitability screening may include a statement of such designation and a statement indicating that incumbents of the position shall be subject to enhanced suitability screening.
406.7 Agencies subordinate to the Mayor and independent agencies that are subject to these regulations shall cover the full administrative costs of the enhanced suitability screenings listed in Subsection 406.1 of this chapter.
406.8 Employees shall not be responsible for the cost of any enhanced suitability screening requirements. Employees shall only be required to participate in suitability assessment activities while on-duty and in a pay status.
406.9 Unless otherwise provided pursuant to law or regulation, when an appointee is disqualified under the provisions of this chapter, the program administrator, at its discretion, may continue to rely on that determination with regard to subsequent applications for substantially similar positions with the same enhanced suitability requirements, for a period of not more than one (1) year from the date of the disqualification determination, after which a new suitability screening shall be required.
406.10 Upon expiration of the one (1) year period under Subsection 406.9, a new suitability screening shall be conducted and a re-determination made before the individual may be appointed.
406.11 Employees separated under Subsection 428.1 and appointees denied continued employment under Subsection 428.2 shall not be eligible for employment in a substantially similar safety sensitive or protection sensitive position for a period of one (1) year from the date of his or her removal or disqualification.
407.1 In the case of competitive recruitment for a position requiring an enhanced suitability screening, the vacancy announcement and subsequent offer letter to the appointee shall state that:
407.2 For safety sensitive positions, in addition to the requirements in § 407.1, each vacancy announcement shall state that the position is subject to pre-employment drug testing, which includes testing for cannabis, and that failing the drug test may result in disqualification even if the applicant participates in a medical marijuana program.
407.3 In the case of non-competitive recruitment for a position requiring enhanced suitability screening, the offer letter to the individual being considered for employment shall be provided and contain the information outlined in this section.
407.4 An appointee’s offer of employment shall be contingent upon receipt of a satisfactory enhanced suitability screening. No appointee shall work in an unsupervised setting, prior to receiving the results of the screening, or prior to the program administrator making a determination that the appointee meets the requirements of this chapter.
408.1 The appropriate authority shall evaluate any derogatory information received during a general suitability screening and determine whether an individual is suitable for the specific position for which he or she has applied. If an individual is found unsuitable, he or she shall be disqualified from appointment to that position.
408.2 The reasons that may be used in making a determination of disqualification of an appointee may include, but shall not be limited to the following:
408.3 Prior to disqualifying an appointee based on derogatory information, the personnel authority shall determine whether disqualification is warranted. The personnel authority shall make this determination by considering the conduct or event(s) related to the derogatory information in the context of:
409.1 The types of positions that are subject to enhanced suitability screenings for appointees, volunteers, and employees are positions with duties and responsibilities that shall be categorized as follows:
409.2 Each agency head (or his or her designee), with the concurrence of the program administrator, shall determine and designate which positions in the agency are subject to enhanced suitability screenings.
409.3 An employee who is detailed, temporarily promoted, or temporarily reassigned from a non-covered position to a covered position shall affirmatively agree to an enhanced suitability screening upon the effective date of the personnel action, and to periodic criminal background and traffic record checks, as appropriate, while detailed, temporarily promoted, or temporarily reassigned to the covered position.
409.4 An employee may appeal the designation of his or her position as safety, protection, or security sensitive. Any such appeal must be in writing and filed with the program administrator.
410.1 In addition to the general suitability screening, individuals applying for or occupying safety sensitive positions are subject to the following checks and tests:
410.2 Subject to the requirements of § 409.1(a), examples of safety sensitive duties and responsibilities include, but are not limited to:
411.1 In addition to the general suitability screening, individuals applying for or occupying protection sensitive positions are subject to the following checks and tests:
411.2 Examples of protection sensitive duties and responsibilities include, but are not limited to:
412.1 In addition to the general suitability screening, individuals applying for or occupying positions deemed security sensitive are subject to the following checks and tests:
412.2 Examples of security sensitive duties and responsibilities include, but are not limited to, positions that:
412.3 Positions located in secure facilities may be deemed security sensitive at the discretion of the personnel authority.
414.1 Individuals providing voluntary services to the District government shall be subject to general and enhanced suitability screening, specified in Sections 402 and 406, as applicable.
414.2 Notwithstanding Sections 410 and 411, volunteers performing duties and responsibilities in a covered position shall be subject to enhanced suitability screening except for a pre-appointment or random drug and alcohol testing, unless such testing is otherwise required by federal law.
414.3 Before a volunteer signs an agreement to perform in a covered position, he or she shall be notified in writing of the enhanced suitability screening before beginning volunteer activities and shall be subject to ongoing enhanced suitability screening while performing the duties and responsibilities of the covered position.
414.4 As a condition of an agreement for voluntary service, each individual subject to an enhanced suitability screening shall execute an acknowledgement and consent to the screening required by this chapter.
415.1 The program administrator shall conduct any required criminal background checks.
415.2 Appointees, employees, or volunteers subject to criminal background checks shall submit to a criminal background check by means including, but not limited to, fingerprint and a National Criminal Information Center check.
415.3 Criminal background checks for covered positions shall be conducted:
415.4 Criminal background checks shall be conducted in accordance with the Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) and Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) policies and procedures and in an FBI-approved environment.
415.5 An individual with proof of an active federal security clearance shall not be subject to a criminal background check.
416.1 As a condition of employment, each individual subject to a criminal background check shall execute an acknowledgement and consent to the criminal background checks required by this chapter.
416.2 Prior to each criminal background check, the program administrator shall inform each individual subject to the check of the location of the office where the check will be conducted, when to report for the check, and provide each individual with all forms necessary to:
416.3 Upon receiving and completing the form(s) specified in this section, an individual shall report to the designated location to be fingerprinted.
416.4 Volunteers or employees in a covered position shall notify their supervisor and the personnel authority whenever they are arrested or charged with any criminal offense. Such notification shall occur within no more than seven (7) days of the arrest or service of a criminal complaint, or its equivalent, on the volunteer or employee. Failure to comply with this subsection shall constitute cause for disciplinary action under Chapter 16 of these regulations.
417.1 Upon receipt, the program administrator shall review an individual's criminal history.
417.2 The program administrator shall assess any derogatory information within the criminal history and determine whether the individual, if serving in the position, would pose a present danger to children or youth, the public or other District employees; or would pose a threat to the integrity of District government operations.
417.3 All criminal convictions shall be considered when assessing suitability based on a criminal history.
417.4 The program administrator must evaluate an individual’s criminal history to determine whether he or she is suitable for District service. To make this determination, the program administrator shall consider each criminal offense in the context of:
417.5 Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, no individual may hold a position that has direct unsupervised contact with children or youth, if he or she has been charged with any sexual offense(s) involving minors, and for such offense(s):
419.1 As a condition of employment, each individual subject to a traffic record check shall execute an acknowledgement and consent to the checks required by this chapter.
419.2 The program administrator shall be responsible for conducting traffic record checks pursuant to the provisions in this chapter, and for developing internal operating procedures for conducting the checks.
419.3 For the purposes of this chapter, traffic record checks shall be obtained from the traffic records maintained by the individual’s local motor vehicle administration.
420.1 The program administrator shall evaluate any derogatory information obtained from a traffic record check and determine whether the individual is suitable for the position he or she occupies or for which he or she has applied.
420.2 The assessment of traffic records shall be conducted substantially consistent with Subsection 417.4.
420.3 The review of the traffic records shall include, but is not limited to:
422.1 Consumer credit checks shall be conducted for appointees to finance related security sensitive positions.
422.2 Prior to conducting a consumer credit check, and as a condition of employment, an appointee subject to the check shall execute an authorization to obtain a consumer credit report which shall set forth the appointee’s or employee’s rights under the Fair Credit Reporting Act.
422.3 If any discrepancies are identified, the personnel authority shall fully investigate until the discrepancies are resolved. An appointee shall fully cooperate in any such investigation as a prerequisite to employment.
423.1 The program administrator shall evaluate any derogatory information obtained from a credit report and determine whether the individual is suitable for the position he or she occupies or for which he or she has applied.
423.2 When warranted, an appointee may be disqualified based on one (1) or more of the following:
423.3 Prior to disqualifying an appointee based on derogatory credit information, the program administrator shall determine whether disqualification is warranted. To the extent practicable, the program administrator shall make this determination by considering the financial history in the context of:
424.1 Whenever a general and enhanced suitability screening reveals derogatory information the program administrator shall:
425.1 Each program administrator with safety or protection sensitive positions shall contract with a professional testing vendor(s) to conduct required drug and alcohol testing. The vendor(s) shall ensure quality control, chain-of-custody for samples, reliable collection and testing procedures, and any other safeguards needed to guarantee accurate and fair testing. Notwithstanding 49 CFR § 40.1, vendors shall follow all procedures stated in 49 CFR Part 40 and District government procedures, as applicable, for all drug and alcohol testing for appointees and employees.
425.2 The vendor(s) selected to conduct the testing shall ensure that any laboratory used is certified by the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to perform job-related drug and alcohol forensic testing.
425.3 The Director of the DCHR shall develop operating policies and procedures for implementing the drug and alcohol program under this chapter for agencies subordinate to the Mayor that have safety, protection, or security sensitive positions.
426.1 Each appointee or employee in a covered position shall be provided a copy of the District’s drug and alcohol policy, and any additional requirements imposed by his or her respective agency. The policy shall state at a minimum the following:
426.2 Each appointee or employee in a covered position shall sign an acknowledgement that he or she received the written policy as specified in § 426.1. A legal guardian’s signature is needed if the appointee or employee is under eighteen (18) years of age.
426.3 As a condition of employment, each appointee or employee in a safety sensitive position subject to random drug and alcohol testing shall execute consent to the testing required by this chapter or face immediate separation from the District government.
426.4 Whenever an employee occupies a position that becomes designated as safety sensitive, he or she may self-report any existing drug or alcohol usage to his or her agency within thirty (30) days of the change in designation. The employee shall:
426.5 Volunteers are subject to reasonable suspicion, post-accident, and post-incident drug and alcohol screenings. Volunteers are not subject to pre-employment or random drug and alcohol testing, unless such testing is otherwise required by federal law.
426.6 Employees subject to random drug and alcohol testing shall be provided a notice stating that their position is safety sensitive and that they are subject to random drug and alcohol testing, including for the presence of cannabis.
427.1 The vendor(s) selected to conduct the testing shall conduct the alcohol and drug testing at a location designated by the program administrator for such purposes.
427.2 In general, testing for drugs shall be conducted by urine sample from the individual being tested.
427.3 Testing for alcohol shall be conducted using an evidentiary breath-testing device or EBT, commonly referred to as a “breathalyzer.”
427.4 In the case of drug testing, the vendor(s) shall split each sample and ensure that the laboratory performs an enzyme-multiplied-immunoassay technique (EMIT) test on one (1) sample and store the split of that sample. A positive EMIT test shall be confirmed by the vendor(s) using the gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GCMS) methodology.
427.5 The personnel authority shall notify, in writing, any appointee or employee found to have a confirmed positive drug test result. The appointee or employee may then authorize that the stored sample be sent to another HHS-certified laboratory of his or her choice, at his or her expense, for a confirmation using the GCMS testing methodology.
427.6 All drug and alcohol testing shall follow the same procedures set forth in this section. In the case of a reasonable suspicion referral or a post-accident and incident test, the agency shall escort the employee to the designated test site for specimen collection as needed.
427.7 In the event that an individual requires medical care following an accident or incident, medical care shall not be delayed for the purpose of testing. In such cases, drug and alcohol testing may be conducted by a blood test.
427.8 A blood, breath, or urine test for alcohol conducted in accordance with this section shall be deemed positive if the test yields a result that the appointee’s or employee’s alcohol content was either .04 grams or more per 210 liters of breath, .04 grams or more per 100 milliliters of blood, or .05 grams or more per 100 milliliters of urine.
427.9 Except as may otherwise be required by law following an accident or incident, the personnel authority may not require blood tests for drug or alcohol tests.
428.1 Unless otherwise required by law, and notwithstanding § 400.4, an employee shall be deemed unsuitable and there shall be cause to separate an employee from a covered position as described in §§ 436.9 and 440.3 for:
428.2 The program administrator shall rescind a conditional offer or decline to make a final offer of employment to an appointee subject to pre-employment testing if he or she:
429.1 Employees who test positive for cannabis following a reasonable suspicion or post-accident or incident drug test pursuant to §§ 432 or 433 shall be presumed impaired by cannabis, regardless of their participation in any medical marijuana program.
429.2 For employees in safety sensitive positions, a random positive drug test result for cannabis with no additional evidence of impairment shall be cause for corrective or adverse action, regardless of whether the employee is a medical marijuana program participant. Notwithstanding § 1607, a safety sensitive employee who randomly tests positive for cannabis with no additional evidence of impairment will generally be subject to the following:
429.3 The illustrative actions specified in §§ 429.2(a) and 429.2(b) are not exhaustive and shall only be used as a guide to assist agencies in determining the appropriate action. Balancing the totality of the relevant factors established in § 1606.2 can justify an action that deviates from the penalties outlined in this section.
429.4 When a corrective or adverse action has been proposed due to a positive drug test result, and except as may be required by federal or other law, an employee may provide a written response with supporting evidence challenging that action, consistent with § 1621. Evidence supplied by an employee to rebut a presumption of cannabis impairment must be clear and convincing.
429.5 Cannabis use by a safety sensitive employee threatens the integrity of District government operations and the public health, safety, and welfare. When a safety sensitive employee is subject to suspension or removal pursuant to § 429.2, the personnel authority may take such action on a summary basis consistent with § 1616. Notwithstanding § 1616.3, the personnel authority may take such summary actions without written approval of the agency head.
429.6 Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as permitting the unlawful use of cannabis, and employees in violation of District of Columbia cannabis laws may be found unsuitable.
429.7 Individuals under the age of twenty-one (21) who test positive for cannabis and who are not enrolled in a medical marijuana program and who do not have a prescription for medications that contain THC shall be deemed unsuitable and are not subject to the provisions of § 429.2.
430.1 As a condition of employment, appointees to safety and protection sensitive positions shall be required to pass a pre-employment drug test in accordance with this section. In addition, the program administrator may require a pre-employment alcohol test.
430.2 Pre-employment drug and alcohol testing shall be conducted after a conditional offer of employment is made, but before the appointee’s effective date of appointment.
430.3 Appointees to protection sensitive positions may not be disqualified based on a positive pre-employment drug test result showing the presence of cannabis unless the candidate was in possession of or was under the influence of cannabis at the time of testing, consistent with § 432.5.
430.4 Appointees to safety sensitive positions who test positive for cannabis may be disqualified from employment consideration, subject to the following:
430.5 The program administrator may waive the requirement for a second drug test under § 430.5(b) allowing for the immediate disqualification of appointee consistent with § 430.5(c) when required to fulfill an immediate recruitment need or when a reasonable suspicion observation found that the appointee was demonstrably impaired at the time of testing. Except when necessitated by extraordinary or unforeseeable circumstances, such a waiver must be issued by the program administrator prior to posting the applicable job vacancy.
430.6 Pre-employment drug and alcohol testing shall be carried out pursuant to §§ 425 through 427.
430.7 Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as permitting the unlawful use of cannabis, and appointees in violation of cannabis laws may be found unsuitable. Individuals under the age of twenty-one (21) who test positive for cannabis and who are not enrolled in a medical marijuana program and who do not have a prescription for medications that contain THC shall be deemed unsuitable and are not subject to the provisions of § 430.4.
431.1 Employees in safety sensitive positions shall be subject to random drug and alcohol testing. Such employees shall be placed in a random drug and alcohol testing pool.
431.2 Each year, the program administrator shall conduct a number of random drug tests that shall be at least equal to fifty percent (50%) of the total drug and alcohol testing pool.
431.3 Similarly, each year, the program administrator shall conduct a number of alcohol tests that shall be at least equal to ten percent (10%) of the total drug and alcohol testing pool.
431.4 Employees in the drug and alcohol pool shall be randomly selected in a manner consistent with accepted industry practice.
431.5 Random drug and alcohol testing shall be conducted in accordance with §§ 425 through 427.
432.1 All District employees, including employees in independent agencies, are subject to, and shall be referred by a trained supervisor or manager for, drug and alcohol testing when there is a reasonable suspicion that the employee, while on duty, is impaired or otherwise under the influence of a drug or alcohol.
432.2 Prior to contacting the appropriate personnel authority to make a referral under this section, the trained supervisor or manager shall:
Have reasonable suspicion that the employee is under the influence of drugs, alcohol, or other substances to the extent that the employee’s ability to perform his or her job is impaired; and
Gather all information and facts to support this reasonable suspicion.
432.3 A reasonable suspicion referral shall be confirmed through a second opinion rendered by another trained supervisor or manager, if available.
432.4 A reasonable suspicion referral may be based on direct observation of drug use or possession, physical symptoms of being under the influence of drugs, symptoms suggesting alcohol intoxication, a pattern of erratic behavior, or any other reliable indicators.
432.5 Reasonable suspicion may be established if:
432.6 Lawful enrollment in a medical marijuana program shall not be a basis for reasonable suspicion.
432.7 Only a trained supervisor or manager shall refer an employee for drug or alcohol testing.
432.8 Prior to making a referral, the trained supervisor or manager shall gather all information and facts that support the reasonable suspicion determination.
432.9 Reasonable suspicion referral testing shall be conducted in accordance with §§ 425 through 427.
433.1 All District employees shall be subject to post-accident and incident drug and alcohol testing when they are involved in accidents or incidents under the following conditions:
433.2 Following an accident or incident that requires drug and alcohol testing pursuant to § 433.1, if feasible, at least one (1) supervisor trained in reasonable suspicion observations shall conduct an observation to evaluate whether there is evidence suggesting that the employee is impaired or otherwise under the influence of a drug or alcohol. If there is no evidence that the employee is impaired or under the influence, the supervisor shall report that there is an absence of such evidence and the report may be used by the employee as evidence to rebut a claim the employee was impaired.
433.3 Post-accident and incident drug and alcohol tests shall be conducted consistent with §§ 425 through 427.
434.1 Employees in safety sensitive positions who acknowledge a drug or alcohol problem and complete a counseling or rehabilitation program, as provided in § 426.4, shall be subject to return-to-duty and follow-up tests, except when the employee has been separated from the safety-sensitive position.
434.2 Employees in safety sensitive positions who test positive for cannabis, and for whom a corrective or adverse action is imposed, shall be subject to a return-to-duty or follow-up drug and alcohol test, except when the employee has been separated from the safety-sensitive position.
434.3 Employees in safety sensitive positions who have been in a leave status for thirty (30) or more days shall be subject to a return-to-duty drug and alcohol test.
434.4 Return-to-duty and follow-up tests shall be conducted as set forth in §§ 425 and 427.
435.1 Agencies shall be responsible for providing training in drug abuse detection and recognition, documentation, intervention, and any other appropriate topics, for supervisors and managers in agencies with covered employees.
436.1 The information contained in this section shall only apply to enhanced suitability screenings.
436.2 The program administrator shall establish and maintain written suitability assessment determinations for enhanced suitability screenings.
436.3 The program administrator shall make a suitability determination within fifteen (15) days after receiving all enhanced suitability screening information necessary to make the determination.
436.4 The final suitability determination shall establish:
436.5 For appointees to and employees in safety sensitive positions at a covered child or youth services provider, as defined by D.C. Official Code § 4-1501.02(3) (2019 Repl.), the final suitability determination shall establish whether the appointee or employee presents a present danger to children or youth.
436.6 Except as otherwise provided in §§ 429 and 430, and in accordance with § 428, a positive drug or alcohol test shall render an individual unsuitable for District employment and constitute cause under Chapter 16 for corrective and adverse action.
436.7 The program administrator shall notify the employing agency of the final suitability determination.
436.8 If an appointee is deemed unsuitable based on an enhanced suitability screening, any conditional employment offer shall be withdrawn and he or she shall be notified of the final suitability determination.
436.9 If an employee is deemed unsuitable, the personnel authority may terminate his or her employment pursuant to the appropriate adverse action procedure as specified in this subtitle or any applicable collective bargaining agreement. Instead of terminating the employee, the personnel authority may reassign the employee to a position for which he or she is qualified and suitable.
436.10 If a volunteer is deemed unsuitable for voluntary service, the voluntary service process shall be terminated and he or she shall be notified of the suitability determination.
436.11 Post-accident and incident drug or alcohol testing results shall be provided to the Chief Risk Officer, Office of Risk Management, for purposes of the Public Sector Workers’ Compensation Program, upon request.
436.12 Neither an agency nor the program administrator shall deem an appointee or employee unsuitable solely due to his or her participation in a medical cannabis program pursuant to a state or local law(s).
437.1 In the interest of transparency, applicants, appointees, volunteers, and employees have a right to understand and challenge the sources of derogatory information that results in employment disqualification. The purpose of this section is to outline the means by which applicants, volunteers, and employees may review, and in some cases appeal, unfavorable suitability determinations based on such information.
437.2 Individuals subject to the provisions of this chapter have the right to the following information:
437.3 Appointees, volunteers, and employees subject to enhanced suitability screening as outlined in Section 406, may file an appeal based on the provisions of this chapter as follows:
437.4 An appointee or volunteer that is deemed unsuitable and cannot appeal to the Commission may, if applicable, file a grievance with the personnel authority regarding his or her application for employment pursuant to Chapter 16 of these regulations.
438.1 The purpose of this section is to promulgate rules and procedures for the efficient and uniform administration of suitability determination appeals before the Commission.
438.2 If an applicant or volunteer applying for a protection sensitive position is found to pose a present danger to a child or youth, as provided by D.C. Official Code § 4- 1501.05a (2012 Repl.), and deemed unsuitable for a District government position, he or she may seek review of that determination with the Commission in accordance with this section.
439.3 For purposes of this section:
439.4 Any document filed with the Commission pursuant to this section shall be served on the opposing party and accompanied by a signed certificate of service showing compliance with this subsection.
439.5 Documents served on the agency shall be delivered by hand or certified mail to the General Counsel for the DCHR or to the General Counsel of the independent personnel authority.
439.6 To initiate the review process, the petitioner shall file a Notice of Appeal, along with a copy of the suitability determination being appealed, with the Commission within thirty (30) days of the issuance of the agency decision being appealed.
439.7 Each Notice of Appeal shall contain, at a minimum, the following information:
439.8 The following procedures shall be followed after a Notice of Appeal is filed:
439.9 At the discretion of the Commission, the time limits set forth in this section may be reduced or expanded.
439.10 A decision issued by the Commission shall be final and cannot be appealed to any administrative body or court.
439.11 To the extent practicable, the parties may rely on the District of Columbia Superior Court Rules of Civil Procedure for additional procedural guidance.
440.1 This section shall apply to the enhanced suitability screening provisions contained in Sections 406 through 438 of this chapter.
440.2 The Mayor's authority to make suitability determinations under this chapter is delegated to the Director of the DCHR who shall also serve as the program administrator for agencies under the personnel authority of the Mayor.
440.3 If the program administrator or employing agency determines that an existing employee is unsuitable to continue serving in a covered position, and that he or she should be separated from employment, the removal action shall be carried out by the personnel authority in accordance with the employee's type of appointment (i.e., probationary, term or permanent, etc.) and service (i.e., Career, Legal, Excepted, Management Supervisory Service, etc.), and the applicable legal and regulatory provisions governing adverse actions, including but not limited to Chapter 16 and applicable collective bargaining agreement provisions.
441.1 Each program administrator for agencies covered by this chapter shall prepare and submit compliance reports to the Mayor every six (6) months following the effective date of this chapter.
441.2 Each report shall be submitted to the Mayor and include statistical information showing:
441.3 Each agency under the administrative authority of the Mayor is authorized to develop an agency-level drug and alcohol policy to supplement the policy set forth in this chapter. Any such policy developed after January 1, 2020, must be submitted and approved by the Director of the DCHR prior to implementation. No such policy may be in conflict with the provisions of this chapter.
441.4 Each agency under the administrative authority of the Mayor that has developed an agency-level drug and alcohol policy shall transmit a copy of the policy to DCHR no later than September 30 each year. DCHR shall review each policy to ensure it is consistent with the provisions of this chapter.
441.5 Every year, no later than December 31, the DCHR shall transmit a report to the City Administrator, identifying each agency that has submitted a policy pursuant to this section and whether that policy is consistent with this chapter.
442.1 Unless publicly available, all records received pursuant to this chapter shall be confidential and are for the exclusive use of making a suitability determination. The records shall not be released or otherwise disclosed to any person except when:
442.2 Any individual who discloses confidential records that were received in accordance with the Child and Youth, Health and Safety Omnibus Amendment Act of 2004, is subject to criminal penalties including a fine of no more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), imprisonment for not more than one hundred and eighty (180) days, or both.
443.1 Records created and maintained pursuant to this chapter shall be subject to the following:
443.2 A subordinate agency head (or his or her designee) who has delegated personnel authority pursuant to Sections 403 or 406, shall provide the Director of the DCHR information to document the results of each suitability investigation conducted by the subordinate agency. Unless otherwise specified, the information shall be provided prior to the effective date of appointment of an individual.
444.1 Pursuant to Section 2011 of the District of Columbia Government Comprehensive Merit Personnel Act of 1978 (CMPA), effective March 3, 1979 (D.C. Law 2-139; D.C. Official Code § 1-620.11 (2014 Repl.)), the federal regulations issued pursuant to 49 U.S.C. § 31306 (currently, 49 C.F.R. Parts 382-385) shall apply to individuals who are employed, or who are candidates for employment, as drivers of commercial motor vehicles.
444.2 The provisions of Subsection 443.1, and the regulations incorporated by reference therein, shall apply to agencies under the personnel authority of the Mayor and other personnel authorities, and to individuals who are employed by or who are candidates for employment in those agencies and personnel authorities as drivers of commercial motor vehicles.
499.1 When used in this chapter, the following meanings apply:
Administrative action – official reprimands, suspensions, reductions in grade, or removals under the corrective and adverse action provisions for the Career Service contained in Chapter 16 of Subtitle B, Title 6 of these regulations; and other similar penalties, up to and including removal, for employees in services other than the Career Service.
Agency – any unit of the District of Columbia government, excluding the courts, required by law, by the Mayor of the District of Columbia, or by the Council of the District of Columbia to administer any law, rule, or regulation adopted under authority of law. The term agency shall also include any unit of the District of Columbia government created by the reorganization of one (1) or more units of an agency and any unit of the District of Columbia government created or organized by the Council of the District of Columbia as an agency.
Alcohol – for the purposes of Sections 425 through 434, the intoxicating agent in beverage alcohol, ethyl alcohol, or other low molecular weight alcohols in methyl and isopropyl alcohol, regardless of its packaging form, storage, or utilization.
Applicant – an individual who has filed a résumé or electronic (web-based) application for employment in the District government.
Appointee – a person who has been made a conditional job offer to a position, compensated or voluntary, subject to the satisfactory completion of a general or enhanced suitability screening.
Cannabis - a substance, also known as “marijuana,” derived from the cannabis plant and consumed for recreational or medicinal purposes and containing more than 0.03% of the psychoactive chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Child – an individual twelve (12) years of age and under.
Covered position – for the purposes of Sections 406 through 440, a position, compensated or voluntary, that is designated as safety, protection, or security sensitive position.
Days – calendar days, unless otherwise indicated.
Derogatory information - any information that detracts from the character or standing of the individual for the position which he or she occupies or for which he or she has applied.
Drug – a drug for which tests are required under 49 C.F.R. part 40, such as cannabis, cocaine, amphetamines, phencyclidine (PCP), and opiates.
Employee – an individual who performs a service for the District government and receives compensation for the performance of such service.
Finance related – involving access to or control of financial instruments, processes or systems;
Follow-up test – a series of unannounced drug and/or alcohol tests conducted periodically after an employee returns to the workplace upon satisfactorily completing treatment requirements. Follow-up testing is separate and in addition to the random, post-accident, reasonable suspicion and return-toduty testing.
Independent agency – any board or commission of the District of Columbia government not subject to the administrative control of the Mayor.
Personnel authority – an individual or entity with the authority to administer all or part of a personnel management program as provided in Title IV of the Comprehensive Merit Personnel Act of 1978, effective March 3, 1979 (D.C. Law 2-139; D.C. Official Code §§ 1-604.01, et seq.).
Post-accident or post-incident test – for the purposes of Sections 425 through 434, an examination that is administered to a District government employee who, while on duty, is involved in a vehicular or other type of accident resulting in personal injury, property damage, or both, in which the cause of the accident could reasonably be believed to have been the result, in whole or in part, from the use of a drug or alcohol on part of the employee.
Program administrator – the Director of the D.C. Department of Human Resources for agencies subordinate to the Mayor, or his or her designee; or the agency head for independent agencies, or his or her designee (if applicable).
Protection sensitive position – a position with duties or responsibilities that involve caring for patients or other vulnerable persons, including but not limited to the positions listed in Subsection 411.2 of this chapter.
Random drug or alcohol test – for the purposes of Sections 425 through 434, an examination that is administered to a District government employee in a safety sensitive position, at an unspecified time, for the purpose of determining whether the employee has used drugs or alcohol and, as a result, is unable to satisfactorily perform his or her employment duties.
Reasonable suspicion test – for the purposes of Sections 425 through 434, an examination that is administered to a District government employee based on the reasonable belief by a supervisor that an employee is under the influence of a drug or alcohol to the extent that the employee’s ability to perform his or her job is impaired.
Reasonable suspicion referral – for the purposes of Sections 425 through 434, referral of an employee for testing by the District government to determine drug or alcohol usage.
Returned to duty test – a one-time, announced drug and/or alcohol test required as a condition of an employee’s return to the workplace upon satisfactorily completing required treatment for substance abuse.
Safety sensitive position – a position with duties or responsibilities which if performed while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, could lead to a lapse of attention that could cause actual, immediate and permanent physical injury or loss of life to self or others, including but not limited to the positions listed in Subsection 410.3 of this chapter.
Security sensitive position – a position of special trust that may be reasonably expected to affect the access to or control of activities, systems, or resources that are subject to misappropriation, malicious mischief, damage, loss or impairment of control of communication, including but not limited to the positions listed in Subsection 412.3 of this chapter.
Subordinate agency – any agency under the direct administrative control of the Mayor, including but not limited to, the agencies listed in Section 301(q) of the CMPA (D.C. Official Code § 1-603.01(17)).
Substantial evidence – the degree of relevant evidence that a reasonable person, considering the record as a whole, might accept as adequate to support a conclusion of an administrative board or agency, even though other reasonable persons might disagree. Under the substantial evidence rule, the reviewing tribunal will defer to an agency determination so long as, upon an examination of the whole record, there is substantial evidence upon which the agency could reasonably base its decision.
Suitability – the quality or state of being acceptable for District government employment with respect to the character, reputation, and fitness of the person under consideration.
Volunteer – an individual who works with the District government without monetary or other financial compensation.
Vulnerable person – an individual who has a physical or mental condition which impairs his or her ability to provide for his or her own care or protection, or a person age sixty-five (65) years or older.
Youth – an individual between thirteen (13) and seventeen (17) years of age.
The following D.C. Register citations identify when a given section(s) of Chapter 4 Organization for Personnel Management, of Title 6 of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations, was amended. Following the publication in the D.C. Register of subsequent final rulemaking notices, this Addendum will be updated accordingly.
For the convenience of DPM subscribers, the Addendum identifies amendments on a section-by-section basis; identifies the page(s) in a DPM Transmittal impacted by the amendment(s); and provides brief comments on the amendment(s) accomplished.
|D.C. Register Date||Section(s)||Transmittal No.||Comments|
|32 DCR 75 (1/4/85)||Unknown||Unknown|
|33 DCR 4447 (7/25/86)||Unknown||Unknown|
|51 DCR 928 (1/23/04)||Sections 400, 401, and 499||DPM Transmittal No. 112||The rules amended the entire chapter.|
|51 DCR 11591 (12/24/04)||Section 400 and 499; new sections 402, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 408 added||DPM Transmittal No. 124||The rules were amended to add the following new sections: 402, Suitability Policy; 403, General Provisions on Suitability; 404, Suitability: Applicability; 405, Suitability Checks and Background Investigations; 406, Background Investigations for Information Technology Systems Personnel in Subordinate Agencies; 407, Suitability Actions Against Employees Initiated by Personnel Authorities; and 408, Suitability Records.|
|52 DCR 6646 (7/15/05)||New section 412 added; section 499||DPM Transmittal No. 134||The rules implemented the provisions of Title II of D.C. Law 15-353, the Child and Youth, Safety and Health Omnibus Amendment Act of 2004 (Act), effective April 13, 2005. Title II of the Act required that criminal background checks be obtained for: (1) persons being considered for paid employment, or unsupervised voluntary services, with District government agencies that meet the definition of “covered child or youth services provider;” and (2) employees and unsupervised volunteers in District government agencies considered covered child or youth services providers. The Act also required that traffic record checks be conducted for certain persons being considered for employment, compensated or voluntary, with District government agencies considered covered child or youth services providers; that employees and unsupervised volunteers submit to periodic criminal background checks; and that rules be issued to implement the provisions of the title. The provisions of the Act were contained in new section 412, Criminal Background Check and Traffic Record Check Requirements – District Government Agencies Considered Covered Child or Youth Services Providers.|
|55 DCR 724 (1/25/08)||Sections 402, 403, 405, 407, 412 and 499; new sections 413 through 425 added||DPM Transmittal No. 160||The rules amended subsections 412.2 (d) and (e) of the Chapter to delete the language limiting agency coverage pursuant to D.C. Law 15-353 for the Fire and Emergency Medical Services Department (FEMSD) and Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) to specific organizational units within the FEMSD and MPD.|
|56 DCR 004346 (6/5/09)||400, 406, 407, 408, 414, 419||E-DPM Transmittal No. 190||The rules amended section 414.2 of the chapter to add the District Department of the Environment, Natural Resources Administration, Fisheries and Wildlife Division, Fisheries Management Branch, Aquatic Resource Education Center, to the list of covered agencies for the purpose of criminal background checks and traffic record checks for the protection of children and youth pursuant to Title II of D.C. Law 15-353 (Act). Additionally, section 407 of the chapter, on suitability actions initiated or taken by personnel authorities, has been amended to clearly state that the personnel authority (not the employing agency) shall take the action terminating an employee who fails a criminal background check pursuant to the Act; and section 419 of the chapter, on the review and determination process for employees covered under the Act, has been amended to, among other things, clarify the process for the termination of employees who fail a criminal background check pursuant to the Act. Finally, in addition to the amendments to sections 414.2, 407, and 419 of the chapter, other amendments, mostly nonsubstantive and unrelated to the Act, were made to sections 400, 404, 406, and 408 of the chapter.|
|58 DCR 00036 (1/21/11)||403, 405, 407, 412, 416, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 426 (new), 427 (new), and 499||E-DPM Transmittal No. 201||The rules: (1) amended section 420 to specify the challenge process for employees and the procedure for applicants, appointees, and volunteers covered by the Criminal Background Checks for the Protection of Children Act of 2004, as amended (Act) to challenge a final agency action which results in denial, removal, or termination of a volunteer, or a conditional or provisional appointee covered by the Act; (2) to add a new section 426 to the chapter to address the limited concurrent personnel authority delegated to the Chief of the Fire and Emergency Medical Services Department via Mayor’s Order 2009- 166; and (3) to add a new section 427 to provide regulations to govern suitability appeals before the Commission on Human Rights in compliance with the Act. Also, amendments were made to sections 403, 405, 407, 412, 416, 418, 419, 421, 422, 423, and 424 of the chapter, and subsections in those sections are renumbered to maintain uniformity in the chapter as a result of adding the new sections and subsections. The definitions of the terms “applicant,” “appointee,” “background investigation,” “children,” “covered assignment,” “covered child or youth services provider,” “covered duties and responsibilities,” “covered position,” “non-covered duties and responsibilities,” “non-covered position,” “person being considered for employment,” “volunteer,” and “youth” are being amended; and definitions of the terms “administrative action,” “disposition,” and “substantial evidence” are being added to section 499 of the chapter.|
|62 DCR 013820 (10/23/15)||Sections 400, 401, and 499||DPM Transmittal No. 223||The rules amended the entire chapter.|
|65 DCR 012445 (11/8/18)||Sections 400, 402, 406, 409, 411, 414, 415, 417, 424, 425, 426, 428, 435, 436, 438, 439, and 499||E-DPM Transmittal No. 234||The rules amended the chapter to: (1) clarify that an employee deemed unsuitable will be removed unless reassigned, as provided in the chapter; (2) clarify that general suitability screening may be conducted prior to the issuance of an offer letter; (3) require employees occupying safety, protection, and security sensitive positions to undergo periodic criminal background checks; (4) notify incumbents whenever an existing position has been newly designated as covered under the enhanced suitability program (discretionary to include a statement in the position description that the position is designated as covered under the program); (5) clarify that positions designated as protection sensitive include duties and responsibilities that involve caring for patients or vulnerable persons; (6) delete the assessment, monitoring, or support of childcare activities as an example of protection sensitive duties and responsibilities; (7) clarify that volunteers are not subject to pre-appointment, or random drug and alcohol testing, unless required by federal law; (8) add language stating the general standard used for making a suitability determination, and clarify suitability; (9) clarify that no individual may hold a position that has direct unsupervised contact with children or youth, if he or she has been charged with any sexual offense(s) involving minors; (10) allow individuals to provide responses to derogatory information revealed by a general or enhanced suitability screening through an in person interview or written response; (11) require vendors to follow procedures in 49 CFR Part 40 and District government procedures for drug and alcohol testing for applicants and employees; (12) clarify that employees deemed unsuitable due to a positive drug or alcohol test, failure to submit to or cooperate with a drug or alcohol test, or failure to complete a counseling rehabilitation program shall be immediately subject to separation from employment, unless otherwise provided for by law; and (13) make other non-substantive amendments.|
|65 DCR 005406 (5/22/2020)||Sections 407, 409 - 411, 425 - 436, and 499||Relevant provisions of Chapter 4 amended to align with Mayor’s Order 2019-081 for the application and enforcement of the District of Columbia’s general suitability and drug screening program as it relates to permitted cannabis use. Section 407 is amended to require vacancy announcements for safety sensitive positions to state that appointees may be disqualified for testing positive for cannabis regardless of whether they possess a medical marijuana card. Section 409 is amended to bar agencies from automatically designating all positions as safety, protection, or security sensitive, establish an agency annual review of their designated positions, and provide an appeal remedy for employees. Section 410 is amended to add an additional category to the examples of types of positions that may be designated as safety sensitive and make minor revisions to the identifying factors that determine if a position should be designated as safety sensitive. Section 411 is amended to reflect the fact that pre-employment drug testing for protection sensitive employees will no longer require disqualification for a positive cannabis test. Section 425 is amended to include minor typographical changes. Section 426 is amended to provide notification requirements regarding random drug testing to include the testing of cannabis. Section 427 is amended to include minor clarifications. Section 428 is amended to highlight certain exceptions to positive cannabis test result consequences. A new section 429 is added to provide specific guidelines for positive test results for cannabis for employees. Subsequent sections are renumbered. Section 429 (renumbered to 430) is amended to allow agencies to defer drug testing to a later date if an appointee discloses previous cannabis use, to provide a possible second test opportunity after a positive cannabis result, and to state that protection-sensitive appointees will not be disqualified based on positive results for cannabis in pre-employment tests. Section 430 (renumbered to 431) is amended to include minor typographical changes. Section 431 (renumbered to 432) is amended to add that enrollment in a medical marijuana program shall not be a basis for reasonable suspicion. Section 432 (renumbered to 433) is amended to add that reasonable suspicion observations shall be conducted after an accident or incident, when feasible. Sections 433 (renumbered to 434) and 434 (renumbered to 435) are amended to include minor typographical changes. Section 435 (renumbered to 436) is amended to explicitly prohibit agencies from deeming an employee unsuitable based solely on their possession of a medical marijuana card or equivalent from a reciprocal jurisdiction. Subsequent sections in the Chapter are also renumbered to accommodate the new section 429. Additional minor edits are made throughout the chapter to replace “Section” and “Subsection” with the “§” symbol.|