Legal Public Holidays: 2023


Effective Date: Expiration Date: Chapters:
Sept. 29, 2022 Jan. 1, 2024 12  


This issuance provides the list of all legal public holidays for calendar year 2023. This issuance also contains additional information on employee schedules, and holiday premium pay for employees who are required to work during a legal public holiday.

Public Holidays

Full-Time Schedules with a Monday through Friday workweek

For calendar year 2023, for pay and leave purposes, the legal public holidays for full-time District government employees with basic workweeks of Monday through Friday will be observed as follows:

Calendar Year 2023 Legal Public Holidays
New Year's Day Monday, January 2, 2023*
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Birthday Monday, January 16, 2023
Washington's Birthday Monday, February 20, 2023
D.C. Emancipation Day Monday, April 17, 2023*
Memorial Day Monday, May 29, 2023
Juneteenth National Independence Day Monday, June 19, 2023
Independence Day Tuesday, July 4, 2023
Labor Day Monday, September 4, 2023
Indigenous Peoples' Day Monday, October 9, 2023
Veterans Day Friday, November 10, 2023*
Thanksgiving Day Thursday, November 23, 2023
Christmas Day Monday, December 25, 2023


NOTE *In accordance with District Personnel Manual § 1222.1(b), whenever a legal public holiday falls on a non-work day, the holiday shall be the Monday right after a legal public holiday occurring on Sunday, or the Friday immediately before a legal public holiday occurring on a Saturday.

Part-Time Schedules; Schedules Other Than Monday through Friday

Specific rules govern which workday will be observed as a legal public holiday for employees with part time schedules and employees whose basic workweek does not occur between Monday through Friday.   

Part-Time Employees

For part-time employees, whenever a public holiday falls on a workday within the employee’s scheduled tour of duty, the part-time employee will be entitled to holiday pay. When a public holiday falls on a non-workday for a part-time employee, the part-time employee is not entitled to holiday pay, and no “in-lieu-of” or make-up day is authorized for that part-time employee.

Full-Time Employees with Non-Standard Workweeks

For full-time employees with schedules other than Monday through Friday, including compressed work schedules, when a holiday falls on a regularly scheduled day off, the legal public holiday for that employee depends on their scheduled tour of duty. The resulting legal public holiday is often called an “in-lieu-of” holiday. For these employees, when a holiday falls on the:

  • First (or only) non-workday of the administrative workweek - the “in-lieu-of” holiday for the employee is the day immediately before the legal public holiday; and
  • Second (or subsequent) non-workday of the administrative workweek - the “in-lieu-of” holiday for the employee is the first scheduled workday following the legal public holiday.

The following section, “’In-Lieu-Of’ Schedules for Non-Standard Workweeks,” provides specific guidance on how to determine an “in-lieu-of” holiday.

“In-Lieu-Of” Schedules for Non-Standard Workweeks

Please refer to the tables below for guidance on determining the legal public holiday for employees who work non-standard schedules.

Monday Holidays

  • New Year’s Day:  January 2, 2023
  • Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Birthday:  January 16, 2023
  • Washington’s Birthday:  February 20, 2023
  • D.C. Emancipation Day:  April 17, 2023
  • Memorial Day:  May 29, 2023
  • Juneteenth National Independence Day:  June 19, 2023
  • Labor Day, September 4, 2023
  • Indigenous Peoples’ Day:  October 9, 2023
  • Christmas Day, December 25, 2023
"In-Lieu-Of" Days for Monday Holidays
Scheduled Days Off "In-Lieu-Of" Holiday New Year's Day Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s Birthday Washington's Birthday DC Emancipation Day Memorial Day Juneteenth National Independence Day Labor Day Indigenous Peoples' Day Christmas Day
Sun & Mon Tues Jan 3 Jan 17 Feb 21 Apr 18 May 30 June 20 Sep 5 Oct 10 Dec 26
Mon & Tues Sun Jan 1 Jan 15 Feb 19 Apr 16 May 28 June 18 Sep 3 Oct 8 Dec 24
Mon & Wed
Mon & Thurs
Mon & Fri
Mon & Sa

Tuesday Holidays

  • Independence Day: Tuesday, July 4
"In-Lieu-Of" Days for Tuesday Holidays
Scheduled Days Off "In-Lieu-Of" Holiday Independence Day
Sun & Tues Wed July 5
Mon & Tues
Tues & Wed Mon July 3
Tues & Thurs
Tues & Fri
Tues & Sat

Thursday Holidays

  • Thanksgiving Day; Thursday, November 23
"In-Lieu-Of" Days for Thursday Holidays
Scheduled Days Off "In-Lieu-Of" Holiday Thanksgiving Day
Sun & Thurs Fri Nov 25
Wed & Thurs
Mon & Thurs Wed Nov 23
Tues & Thurs
Thurs & Fri
Thurs & Sat

Friday Holidays

  • Veterans Day; Friday, November 10
"In-Lieu-Of" Days for Friday Holidays
Scheduled Days Off "In-Lieu-Of" Holiday Veterans Day
Sun & Fri Sat Nov 11
Mon & Fri
Tues & Fri
Wed & Fri
Thurs & Fri
Fri & Sat Thurs Nov 9

Required Work on Holidays and Holiday Premium Pay

Some District government agencies must operate on legal public holidays. For this reason, agencies may schedule employees to work on holidays. However, an employee scheduled to work on a holiday may take annual leave, sick leave, or leave without pay when such leave is approved by the agency according to agency leave procedures. If the employee's leave request is not approved, then they are required to report to work on the holiday.

An employee who is scheduled to work on a holiday and does not receive an “in-lieu-of” day will be paid holiday premium pay for that day. Holiday premium pay will only be paid for work actually performed. An employee who performs holiday work is entitled to a minimum of two hours of holiday premium pay. For guidance on holiday premium pay, please refer to Premium Pay – Holiday Premium Pay, E- District Personnel Manual (DPM) Issuance No. 11B-73 (Feb. 25, 2010).

Employees Who Are Not Eligible to Receive Holiday Premium Pay

Subject to individual agency policies, employees who are required to work on a holiday but use approved leave will not receive holiday premium pay nor an “in-lieu-of” day. Employees who are paid at Grade 15 or above shall not be entitled to holiday premium pay.

Collective Bargaining Agreements

In the event of a conflict between any of the provisions of this E-DPM issuance and any collective bargaining agreement (CBA), the provisions of the CBA will control to the extent that there is a difference.


  1. Legal public holidays, D.C. Official Code § 1-612.02.
  2. Premium Pay – Holiday Premium Pay, E-DPM Issuance No. 11B-73 (Feb. 25, 2010).
  3. Legal Public Holidays, E-DPM § 1220.
  4. Entitlement to Holidays, E-DPM § 1221.
  5. Determining Holidays, E-DPM § 1222.
  6. Effect of Holidays, E-DPM § 1223.


This issuance applies to those District government agencies subordinate to the Mayor’s personnel authority. Other personnel authorities or independent agencies may adopt any of these procedures to provide guidance to employees under their respective jurisdictions. The provisions in this issuance exclude the following employees:

  1. Uniformed members of the Metropolitan Police Department; and
  2. Uniformed members of the Fire and Emergency Medical Services Department.

Additional Information

For additional information concerning this issuance, please contact the Department of Human Resources, Policy and Compliance Administration, by calling (202) 442-9700 or by sending an e-mail to

Issued by Interim Director E. Lindsey Maxwell, III Esq., D.C. Department of Human Resources on Sept. 29, 2022, 1:25 p.m.